A wide variety of HTML input types are available depending upon the browser. Availability of these many input types makes it pretty apparent to miss the rare and the powerful one. So in this blog, we will cover the eight most potent and useful HTML input types.
What is HTML Input Element?
The HTML <input> element is used to create the controls over the web forms through which you can make users enter their data. The <input> element has a large number of combinations of input types and attributes, because of which it is the most powerful element.
The input type element specifies the type of the <input> element. For example: <input type=”submit” value=”submit”>. If no attribute type is specified then the default one is taken, i.e., text.
List of Useful HTML Input Elements
The <input> element works depending on the value of its type attribute. However, if the value of the type attribute is not specified the default type “text” is considered.
The range type specifies the control for entering the number whose exact value is not important. You can adjust the value using the slider control. The value restrictions can be set using the min(for setting the minimum value), max(for setting the maximum value) and step attributes. If no value is set then the default range 0 to 100 is set.
<input type = ”range”>
Depending on browser support: The input type “range” can be displayed as a slider control.
The tel type specifies an input field that should contain a telephone number. The tel type let the users enter and edit the phone number. However, the telephone number vary so much that is why the tel value is not automatically validated to any particular format.
<input type = “tel”>
The time type allows you to create the input field which let the user select the time(hours, minutes and seconds). Its user interface varies from browser to browser compatibility.
<input type = “time”>
Note: type=”time” is not supported in Internet Explorer 11 or prior Safari 14.1.
The image type specifies an image as the submit button. This type is used to create the graphical submit button rather than text.
<input type = “image”>
The hidden type defines a hidden field that is not visible. The web developers add information in this field that no user can see and modify while submitting the form. The hidden field also stores the database that needs to be updated while submitting the form.
<input type = “hidden”>
Note: The hidden field is not shown to the user, but the data is sent when the form is submitted.
The readonly type specifies that the user can only read the text. It makes the text immutable which means, a user will not be able to make any changes in the input field.
<input type = “readonly”>
The url type defines the field that should contain a URL address. The URL field can automatically be validated depending on the browser support.
<input type = “url”>
The month type let the users select the specific month along with the year. The value is a string and accepted in the “YYYY-MM” format.
<input type = “month”>
Did you find these useful HTML input types helpful? Tell us in the comment section below.
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