Top 5 Advance CSS Techniques to Master in 2022

As in the recent trends of past years, web development has been a splendid career with an abundance of job and freelancing opportunities. When it comes to web development, the combination of HTML, CSS, and Java is the most delightful desert you would like to eat for sure. When it’s the time of the customized design of the websites, the concepts of CSS have no competition. But being hundreds of modern CSS concepts available in the technology, you will surely be confused regarding which techniques to ace in 2022 for a flourishing career?. So here we have answered the same questions by listing the “Top advance CSS techniques that you should master in 2022”.

We have initiated the basic outline and usage of CSS. Then the top advance CSS techniques are listed with the coding examples and the most important thing you should always take in mind i.e. The browser compatibility of the corresponding techniques.

What is CSS?

CSS corresponds to Cascading Style Sheets. It is the most significant language to provide a look and layout to the web design. By using HTML, you can only structure a plain layout of the website. But if CSS would not have been there you would have only seen the website in the form of a plain background with text (which was the same structure before the launch of CSS i.e., 1996)

CSS provides the user with different functionalities such as:

  • Specifying fonts, size, color of texts and links other than default fonts.
  • Applying colors to backgrounds.
  • Contain elements in boxes and place the elements in required location on webpage.

Top advance CSS techniques to master in 2022:

To strengthen your demand in 2022, you should surely master the following CSS techniques:

1. Feature Query

The most useful feature of CSS that most developers tend to ignore is the Feature Query. As per my opinion, this feature is the most important feature of CSS that you surely learn in priority. It allows you to fetch out the information on whether a particular feature or technique will be supported by a particular browser or not.

Feature query instead of asking the browser about the device on which it is being viewed like Media Query, asks the browser directly whether this feature is supported by it or not. Sometimes, by knowing whether a particular feature will run on your targeted browsers whether it’s mobile or desktop, you will always get a better idea regarding you should use that feature or not.

Example: Suppose you want to test the compatibility of row-gap in the browser.

.box {
    border: 4px solid blue;
    color: blue;
}

@supports (row-gap: 10px) {
    .box {
        border: 4px solid red;
        color: red;
    }
}
<div class="box">
   If your browser supports row-gap, the text and border will be red.
</div>

Browser Compatibility

Let’s see the compatibility of Feature Queries in various mobile/ desktop browsers:

Feature Query
Browser Compatibility

2. Animations

When it comes to animating the web page, you would always first think of JavaScript, but why do more tedious work by combining two languages when you can do it using CSS.

Whether it’s moving the object on the screen or showing some amazing kind of jump stuff, you can do it all with the help of the animations feature of CSS. You can also set how much time a particular animation should run and be displayed.

Example:

The best example of the CSS animation is the @keyframes rule from whose help you can transform from one style to a new style for certain durations.

Suppose you want to change the background of an element from blue to pink gradually

@keyframes animate {
  from {background-color: blue;}
  to {background-color: pink;}
}

div {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  background-color: blue;
  animation-name: animate;
  animation-duration: 4s;
}

animation-name is to be provided in order to name the animation and use it.

Animation-duration indicated the duration of the animation

From and to will indicate the start and end color respectively

Browser Compatibility

Let’s see the compatibility of Animations in various mobile/ desktop browsers:

advance css techniques
Browser Compatibility

3. Vertically align with Flexbox

Aligning the elements and text vertically or horizontally has always been tedious work for developers. But thanks to Flexbox that have solved this problem to a greater extent

The flexbox refers to the flexible box which is used to easily align the objects in our wished alignment without much effort. It easily does our job to place the object vertically at the correct position and thereby helping us to keep the object in the center as required.

Example:

Suppose you want to align a text box containing “Vertical align text using flexbox” at the center of the page.

.centrify {
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    flex-direction: column;
    width: 100%;
    text-align: center;
    min-height: 400px;
    background-color: green;
    align-items: center;
}
<div class="centrify">
   <h1>Vertically align text using Flexbox</h1>
</div>

Browser Compatibility

Let’s see the compatibility of flexbox in various mobile/ desktop browsers:

Svg
Browser Compatibility

4. SVG for icons and logos

SVG stands for Scalable vector graphics. They are the most amazing image types nowadays due to their property of flexibility.

They are supported by almost every browser and have vast scalability than other types, so we don’t need to continue .jpeg or .gif for website logos.

The benefits of using the SVG images are:

  • The file size is small compared to other formats
  • We can edit and modify SVG files very easily.
  • It enhances performance of website

Example:

To add an SVG image as the logo of the website you can use the following code:

 #logo {
   display: block;
   text-indent: -999px;
   width: 100px;
   height: 82 px;
   background: url (logo.svg);
   background-size: 100 px 82 px;
 }

Browser Compatibility

Let’s see the compatibility of SVG in various mobile/ desktop browsers:

advance css techniques
Browser Compatibility

5. Scroll Snap

We always want our users to see only the part of the design we want to show them and control their scrolling. The Scroll snap features enable a developer to achieve the same functionality.

It is a feature that allows the users to create well-controlled scroll experiences by declaring snapping positions. This feature is greatly seen in mobile applications.

Example:

Consider we want to develop an image carousel that snaps to only one image as we scroll.

#gallery {
  scroll-snap-type: x mandatory;
  overflow-x: scroll;
  display: flex;
}

#gallery img {
   scroll-snap-align: center;
}
<div id="gallery">
  <img src="you.jpg">
  <img src="we.jpg">
  <img src="them.jpg">
</div>

Browser Compatibility

Let’s see the compatibility of Scroll snap in various mobile/ desktop browsers:

Scroll snap
Browser Compatibility

Conclusion

CSS is like the heart of web development. It consists of abundance techniques and features in which you can excel. But these were the top 5 techniques that should consider on a priority basis to become a successful developer and ace your career in 2022.

What are the other advance CSS techniques that you think everyone should know? Tell us in the comments below!!

Happy Coding!

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