C++ vs. Python

The amount of data is getting bigger and bigger every second, and the current need is for a language with faster execution, better data analysis, and wider functionality. It is tough to get all the features in one language, and there is always a tradeoff associated with each one. Therefore in this blog, we will cover some of the deep analysis of the two most popular programming languages C++ and Python, which suits best in the current scenario.

C++ and Python both are extensively used high-level languages. C++ is preferred when speed, memory, and CPU usage are critical metrics, while Python is preferred when readability, functionality, and user performance are crucial metrics. Python is usually preferred when there is data analysis, big data, AI, machine learning. While C++ is generally used to develop system programs, operating systems, and more. Both support different types of programming paradigms like procedural, object-oriented, and more.

C++ and Python both have wide usage, but we need a language that provides faster execution, big data analysis, extensive CPU and GPU handling, and more. Not one language offers all the features, so you need to choose wisely which language provides us with the best result according to your requirements. So, we try to compare all the possible points in which C++ and Python differ.

C++ vs. Python

Introduction
C++ logo
C++ is a compiled, middle-level, and object-oriented language invented by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 as an extension of the C language.
C++ vs. Python
Python is an interpreted, high-level, and object-oriented language invented by Guido Van Rossum in 1991.
Nature
C++ vs. Python
C++ is a statically typed language because the type of variable is declared at the compile time.
C++ vs. Python
Python is a dynamically typed language because the type of the variable is declared at run-time.
Code
C++ vs. Python
Coding in C++ is a little more hectic as it has more lines of code.
C++ vs. Python
Coding in Python is more efficient as it has fewer lines of code.
Compilation

C++ is designed to be a pre-compiled language.
Python file
Python is an interpreted language because it requires an interpreter for its compilation.
Syntax
C++ vs. Python
C++ readability is less as compared to Python as it has lots of predefined rigid syntaxes and structures.
C++ vs. Python
Python readability is high as it has easy-to-learn syntax similar to the human language.
Speed
Speed
C++ is faster in speed as it a compiled language and requires fewer instructions.
Speed
Python is slower than other languages as it is an interpreted language and requires a lot more instructions.
Programming Paradigm
C++ vs. Python
C++ supports procedural and object-oriented programming paradigm.
C++ vs. Python
Python supports procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming paradigm.
Garbage Collector
C++ vs. Python
C++ does not support implicit garbage collector. So, a programmer needs to manually deallocate the object when no longer required.
Garbage collector
Python automatically deletes unwanted objects to free the memory space as it supports implicit garbage collector.
Variable Declaration
C++ vs. Python
In C++, we have to strictly declare the type of a variable before assigning value to them as it is a statically typed language.
C++ vs. Python
While In Python, we do not have to declare the type of variable while assigning a value to them as it is a dynamically typed language.
Variable Scope
C++ vs. Python
Variables in C++ are not accessible outside the loop.

Variables in Python are accessible even outside the loop.
Functions
C++ vs. Python
While in C++, functions can only accept and return the type of value which is already defined.
C++ vs. Python
In Python, functions do not limit the type of argument and the type of its return value.
Function Overloading
function_overloading
C++ supports function overloading as functions with different signatures are considered differently.
function_overloading
Python doesn’t support function overloading as it overrides the prior functions when multiple functions with the same names are declared.
Popularity
Popularity
According to the StackOverflow insights, C++ has 23.9% popularity.However, according to the TIOBE index, it has a 7.81% rating.
Popularity
According to the StackOverflow insights, Python is the most powerful programming language, with 44.1%
popularity. And according to the TIOBE index, it has an 11.87% rating.
Salary
Salary
According to StackOverflow insights, the average salary of a C++ developer $53K/year.
Salary
According to StackOverflow insights, the average salary of a Python developer $59K/year.

Conclusion

Now, we think you got a better understanding of how Python and C++ differ from each other. Based on popularity, both are popular and have good future scope. Python has a wide range of libraries for data analysis, AI, and machine learning, but it is not as fast as C++ in execution. In contrast, it has a lesser code line than C++ for the same functionality, making it more readable and understandable.

Both languages can achieve any functionality, but performance differs. If you require faster execution and also easy in memory handling, opt for C++. While for analysis and machine learning, opt Python, as it has excellent library support. In any case, if you need to change the implementation language, then try every possible implementation before that, as a single line of code may have a significant impact upon the performance.

If you want to share some more points, then please write them in the comment section below.

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