Journey to become a Web Developer

Are you planning to become a web developer? It would help if you were focused while choosing your field. So, If you want to become a web developer, you have to solve the puzzle and follow the roadmap for web development. Moreover, you have to do hard work to become a full-stack web developer.

Before moving ahead to become a full-stack developer, you must know what web development is, the Scope of web development, and the journey you have to follow.

1. What is Web Development?

Web development encompasses all of the tasks involved in creating websites for intranet or internet hosting. Instead of being the domain of a single department, web development may be a joint endeavor between departments. There are three types of Web developers: front-end, back-end, and full-stack. Web development is often referred to as website development, and web developers or web devs are the individuals who maintain a website.

Web Development
Web Development

2. Scope of Web Development

To become a coder, you must learn Web Development. However, everything helps you learn skills that can help you further in your career, from deploying a server to modifying the design to better UI/UX.

Being a web developer, there is no need to stick to one particular area.

Due to similarity in the interfaces, switching from web development to mobile development is simple for web developers. Moreover, various activities comprising design, development, testing, and client management will assist you in gaining project management abilities.

Companies are always looking for new talent, allowing aspiring developers to find their ideal position.

Artificial design intelligence (ADI) can put the major components of a website together and provide developers with possibilities for customized software. As a result, it can change the way websites are built in the future. 

3. How To Learn Web Development

To learn web development, you have to follow these 4 stages to understand web development.

  • Initially, it starts with the theory that helps you in understanding the basics of web development.
  • Secondly, move towards Bootcamp or an online course to learn about web development because visual studies enhance your skills.
  • Now, go back to theory and revise all the basics because it helps you more in memorize the topics.
  • Last but not least, start working on your own projects without any help because practice makes a man perfect.

Keep following these steps and do hard work to achieve your goal of a Full-stack Web Developer.

4. Roadmap to become a Full-Stack Web developer

Here we divided the roadmap into 3 parts that help you to become a web developer.

  • Part-1: Getting to know the principles and the most important topics.
  • Part 2: Boot camps and projects to learn web development and enhance your skills.
  • Part-3: Study Frameworks and other unfamiliar topics in web development.

Let’s discuss each part to understand web development.

Part-1

While moving on the journey to becoming a web developer, we have to learn how the web works.

I. How the web works?

  • A user enters a URL into a browser.
  • The request is forwarded to a domain name server.
  • DNS returns to the IP address of the server that hosts the website.
  • Using the IP address, the browser requests the page from the Web server.
  • Page can potentially include links to other files on the same server that the browser will request.
  • The browser gathers all of the data and presents it on your computer as a Web page.

Know more about some important terms

HTTP/HTTPSHTTPS is HTTP with encryption. The only difference between the two protocols is that HTTPS uses SSL to encrypt normal HTTP requests and responses.
DNSThe phonebook of the internet helps the user to access information online through domain names, like widgetcore.com.
HostingA Service that provides storage and computing resources to an individual or organization for the accommodation and maintenance of one or more websites
BrowserA web browser is a software program that enables you to see web pages on your computer.

II. The Root of web development

ROadmap for Web developer
HTML-JS-CSS

HTML: HyperText Markup Language is used for creating web pages. It consists of a series of elements that helps the browser in displaying the content. The element is consists of a start tag, some content, and an end tag. Elements are represented by <> tags. 

CSS: Cascading Style Sheets specifies how HTML elements should appear. It is a simple method to add a font, color, and more to the web page. There is a CSS rule that consists of a selector and a declaration block. Moreover, One or more declarations are separated by semicolons, and each declaration includes a CSS property (name and value) separated by a colon.

Responsive Web Design: It resizes the website with HTML and CSS and makes your website attractive. While making responsive web pages, you have to add <meta> to your web page to set up Viewport.

Note: W3.CSS is a free CSS Framework that offers Responsive Design by default. However, Bootstrap is a trendy framework.

Javascript: The programming language for the web which can update and change both HTML and CSS. Also, it can calculate, manipulate and validate the data. JS variables can be Numbers, Strings, Objects, Arrays, and Functions.

Part-2

Do an online complete web development Bootcamp. It is the course that helps you in learning code to become a full-stack web developer.

Well, you must have learned so many things and clear your basics related to web development. Now the time to execute your study and enhance your skills by building some projects on your own. This is the best part of the roadmap to becoming a web developer because you will now give a practical face to the study you learn.

Part-3

Here is the final part where you’ll dig deeper and cover JavaScript along with frameworks.

It would help if you learned the framework for Javascript, where the collection of JS code libraries can be used for standard programming functions and tasks. Moreover, it helps you in creating websites or applications more efficiently.

I. Frameworks

Let’s get started with the list of JS frameworks.

How to choose a best framework
Frameworks

Angular– It is an open-source framework that allows JavaScript to integrate with other web technologies like HTML and CSS. Also, it helps in building Progressive Web Applications, high speed & performance, and less code framework. Moreover, Angular is used by companies like Google, Microsoft, YouTube, etc.

Vue.Js– It is an open-source JavaScript framework that is used to build enriching user interfaces. Vue.Js provides higher customizability that supports CSS transitions and animations. You can easily learn this framework, and it is used by companies like Stack Overflow, GitLab, Adobe, etc.

React.JsFacebook created this open-source JavaScript library for creating Web user interfaces. It is actually not a framework but a front-end library. As a result, it is easier to develop dynamic web applications and feasible community support. React uses the JavaScript extension JSX and uses it by Companies like Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, etc.

Additionally, learn about Git and GitHub that help you in becoming a full-stack developer.

GitGitHub
Open-source software is cheaper, more flexible, and lasts longer than an authority or a company.Hosting service that provides a web-based graphical interface
Used to store the content to provide the services.The largest community in the world for developers.
Ensure that no code conflicts between the developers.The source code of several projects is available on Github.
The concept of branching allows several projects to run in the same codebase.Github repositories can be made public or private.
It is used in various Operating systems like Fedora, Windows, Red Hat, and other Linux systems using GIT commands.It has some special tools which are used to identify the vulnerabilities in the code.

II. What is a Full-stack?

Finally, you are at the last stage to become a full-stack developer.

Full-stack Web Developer
Full-stack Web Developer | Source: Geeks for Geeks

Full-stack developer: The person who develops both client(front-end) and server(back-end) software is a full-stack developer. Apart from HTML and CSS, the developer must know how to program a browser, a server, and a database.

Client Software (Front-end)Server Software(Back-end)
HTMLPHP
CSSASP
BootstrapC++
W3.CSSNode.js
JavascriptSQL
ES5MongoDB
AngularC#
ReactPython
HTML DOMJava
JSONExpress.js
XMLRuby
Backbone.jsREST
jQuerySass
Ember.jsParse.com
GruntPaaS (Azure and Heroku)
GulpFirebase.com
ReduxGO
GraphQLLess
Meteor.js

III. Advantages of Full-stack

  • You have to learn and master all the techniques involved on a journey to become a full-stack web developer
  • Being a full-stack web developer, you can build prototypes very rapidly
  • You have better understandings of all aspects of new and upcoming technologies
  • You are capable to help all the team members
  • A full-stack web developer can reduce the time used for team communication
  • You have that much of knowledge to reduce the cost of the project
  • Easily, switch between front and back end development based on requirements

IV. Disadvantages of Full-stack

  • Overtiming happens to everyone, but it happens more frequently to full stack developers. 
  • The solution chosen can be dependent on developer skills.
  • Being a full stack developer, the journey is too complex.

Hopefully, it would help if you learned a lot about the roadmap to becoming a full-stack web developer. So, please let us know about your journey and the difficulties you face on your way to becoming a web developer.

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